Education System In USA
When a student decides to venture out in a new country for his/her further education, it is important to understand the educational system of that place as well as that of the college/university which is to be joined. Every year, several Indian students leave India to study in universities abroad and it is not surprising that majority of them find their way to universities in United States only.
Education System in the USA is different as compared to other countries. The country gives utmost importance to education with constitutional acts in place to protect the right of education for every citizen in the USA.There are various types of schools, colleges and universities in the United States. A university is different from a college in that while a college is only for undergraduate education, a university usually comprises a college, a graduate school and maybe even a professional school. A university is also more involved in research related courses.
The structure of US education includes 12 years of regular schooling, preceded by a year or two of pre-school education, and followed by a four-stage higher education degree system (associate, bachelor’s, master’s, doctorate). In the Indian context, it implies qualifying in class 12th examination or junior college, as applicable. Typically, under the Indian management, undergraduate studies are for 15 years. If a student has completed a three year degree program in India, the advisable plan of action is to maximize eligibility for US Business Schools by applying for a post graduate degree here in India. A one-year university affiliated program will make up for the fourth year required. However lately, some universities accept 15 years’ education as well.
An immense number of opportunities are available to those who strive for success, with US offering a huge choice of more than 4000 universities and colleges for prospective students. The universities provide a rich variety of academic, cultural and athletic activities on campus that add new dimensions to your educational experience.The education system in US is highly competitive. As it offers a better quality of education, the quality expectation from students is also on a higher scale. It has the world’s most flexible education system; with a range of subjects from different spectrums combined together e.g. a subject in science can be combined with a subject in arts. You will be able to tailor your course work to fit your specific needs.
In addition to the more well-known institutions, the US has hundreds of other high quality public and private colleges and universities. The depth and breadth of options available are amazing. A degree from a US college or university is a stamp of excellence that marks you for life.Broadly, American universities confer Bachelor, Master and Doctorate degrees. Some colleges also offer Associate degrees / Diplomas/ Certificates specializing in vocational/technical training. In addition, there are special education services, adult basic and continuing education, leisure learning programs, and continuing professional education and training programs.
Types of School:
- Public Universities.
- Small Liberal Arts Colleges.
- The Ivy League.
- Technical Institutes.
Types of Degrees:
The Bachelor degree is the first degree towards one’s vocational training after completion of 12th grade.
The Associate degree in the United States is similar to the diploma that is awarded at the end of two or two and a half year for technical oriented programs.
Students who have completed their Bachelor’s must consider graduate school very seriously. The master’s degree in the United States is one and a half or two years program.
The PhD degree or the Doctor of philosophy or Doctoral degree, which ranges from 3 to 8 years, is the most advanced and research intensive course that is offered