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What is Geography?

Geography is the science of earth and geographers are scientists who study about the different branches of geography like physical geography, environmental geography, human geography and so on.
And currently, popular concepts of Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) that form their base in geography have certainly made transport easier for us.

What Are The Areas Of Specialisation In Geography?

  • Cartography
  • Survey
  • Urban and Regional planning
  • Town Planning
  • Remote Sensing

When Can I Enroll For Geography?




Entrance Exam

B.A./ B.Sc.

HSC (Arts or Science)

3 Yrs.

Autonomous Exam

M.A./ M.Sc.

B.A./ B.Sc.(Geography)/ Graduation (any stream)

2 Yrs.

Autonomous Exam

PG Diploma in Geo-informatics/ Geosciences

B.A/ B.SC / M.A./M. Sc/ B.E.

1-2 Yrs.

Autonomous Exam

M. Phil.

M.A./M.Sc. (Geography)

3-5 Yrs.

Autonomous Exam


M.A./M.Sc. (Geography)

3-5 Yrs.

Autonomous Exam

What Personality Traits Are Required In The Field Of Geography?

  • Creative approach
  • Good colour vision
  • Good physical health
  • Love for exploration
  • Observation skills

Aptitude Required In The Field Of Geography:

  • Above Average to High Abstract Reasoning
  • Above Average to High Verbal Reasoning
  • Above Average to High Space Relations
  • Above Average to High Numerical Ability
  • Above Average to High Mechanical Reasoning

IQ Required in the Field Of Geography?

Minimum Above Average Intelligence with hard work and consistency is preferred.

Employment Opportunities In The Field Of Geography:

  • Govt. / Private Sector
  • Environment Monitoring Organisations
  • Indian Space Research Organization
  • International trade consultants
  • Market Research Organisations
  • Ministry of Family Welfare
  • National Remote Sensing Agency
  • Non-Governmental organisations
  • Travel Agencies
  • Real Estate Development
  • Surveying
  • Educational Institutes

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Geography

1. What is geography?

Geography is the study of the Earth’s physical features, climate, population, and how they interact. It explores the relationships between people and their environment.

2. Why is geography important?

Geography helps us understand the world around us. It plays a crucial role in areas such as urban planning, environmental conservation, disaster management, and global politics.

3. What are the main branches of geography?

Geography is divided into two main branches: physical geography (study of Earth’s physical features) and human geography (study of human populations, culture, and societies).

4. What is physical geography?

Physical geography examines natural features like landforms, climate, ecosystems, and natural disasters. It studies processes like erosion, plate tectonics, and weather patterns.

5. What is human geography?

Human geography explores topics such as population distribution, migration, urbanization, cultural diversity, economic activities, and the impact of humans on the environment.

6. How can geography be used in careers and professions?

Geography is applicable in various careers, including urban planning, environmental management, cartography, GIS (Geographic Information Systems), tourism, and international relations.

7. What is GIS (Geographic Information Systems)?

GIS is a technology that captures, analyzes, and presents geographic data on maps. It’s used in fields like urban planning, natural resource management, and disaster response.

8. What role does geography play in addressing environmental issues?

Geography helps in understanding and addressing environmental issues such as climate change, deforestation, pollution, and habitat loss through spatial analysis and planning.

9. How does geography contribute to disaster management?

Geography aids in disaster preparedness and response by analyzing vulnerable areas, predicting natural disasters, and planning evacuation routes and relief efforts.

10. Can geography be studied at the university level?

Yes, geography is a subject of study at many universities worldwide. It offers undergraduate and graduate degree programs in both physical and human geography.

11. What is cultural geography?

Cultural geography focuses on the study of cultures, languages, religions, traditions, and their spatial distribution. It explores how culture influences landscapes and societies.

12. Is geography only about maps and locations?

No, geography is not limited to maps and locations. While maps are an essential tool, geography is a multidisciplinary field that encompasses various aspects of the Earth and human activities.

13. How does geography contribute to international relations and geopolitics?

Geography plays a significant role in international relations by influencing political boundaries, resources, trade routes, and strategic locations of countries.

14. Are there any famous geographers or explorers in history?

Yes, many famous geographers and explorers have contributed to the field of geography, including Alexander von Humboldt, Charles Darwin, and Marco Polo.

15. What are geographical information systems (GIS) used for?

GIS is used for mapmaking, land use planning, natural resource management, crime analysis, epidemiology, and countless other applications that involve spatial data.

16. How can I pursue a career in geography?

To pursue a career in geography, you can start by enrolling in geography courses at a university. Explore specializations within the field, gain practical experience, and consider advanced degrees for specific careers.

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