Education System In Canada
The Canadian Education System consists of both publicly funded and private schools. Canadian Education System is under the complete jurisdiction of the provinces and territories (states). There is no central education system in Canada.
Majority of Canadian universities are largely publicly funded due to which they are able to offer consistently high quality education at lower tuition rates for international students as compared to other countries. Universities here offer a broad range of courses and degrees from undergraduate to doctorate.
The public education in Canada is free up to and including secondary school (12th grade), in all the provinces to ensure the national commitment to education is met. The diversification of institutions into community colleges and universities happen at the post-secondary level. Canada has a significant number of university graduates attending college upon completion of their degree; this is to acquire vocational skills for employment.
It offers students a choice of either an academic oriented university degree or the practical oriented college diplomas and certificates. Most courses offered in Canada have “Co-operative Work Term” inculcated in the curriculum. Co-Operative work programs combine courses in many subjects with relevant work, giving students an invaluable head start with their careers. Co-op provides full time opportunities that last from 12 to 17 weeks.
All the programs offered have a strong student support services, small classes and strong campus environments. They also offer combined degree/diploma programs and university transfer programs.
The academic year usually starts in September and ends in May and is normally divided into two semesters. Some institutes operate on a semester or trimester system. Many institutes offer a limited number of courses and special programs during the summer session.
As a bilingual nation, Canada offers English as a Second Language (ESL) and French as a Second Language (FSL) programs for students wishing to learn either or both languages.
All overseas students are required to obtain a Study Permit i.e. a Student Visa for going to Canada for studies.
More Information on Canadian Education System
Types of Degree / Certification
- Certificate: awarded upon successful completion of a program which is usually of one year
- Diploma: awarded on the basis of one or two years of successful study
- Advanced Diploma: 3 year program which may lead to Bachelor’s Degree
- Bachelors Degree: awarded by Universities/ University Colleges/ Community Colleges after four years of full-time study
- Post Graduate Diplomas / Certificates: It leads to a Master’s Degree. These programs have work terms which provide full-time opportunities to gain practical experience along with theoretical studies.
- Masters Degree: awarded after successful completion of course which is usually of 2 years
- Doctorate or PhD: generally requires four to seven years to complete
Types of Educational Institutions
- Community Colleges & Technical Institutes: The courses are career oriented, with practical/ technical related curriculum. It is operated with the main objective of preparing students for job market after a short period of instruction. These also offer off-campus course as well.
- University Colleges: University colleges offer students a choice of either academic oriented university degree programs or more practical-oriented college diplomas and certificates.
- Universities: Canadian universities are largely public funded and offer consistently high quality education at lower tuition rates for international students. They offer a broad range of courses and degrees / certificates from undergraduate level to Doctorate level, including professional degrees.
- Private Schools: The private school system provides various educational options, including international exchange programs, Advanced Placement (AP) or International Baccalaureate (IB).
- Public Schools: It is cost-effective; public school is free. Public schools don’t usually require prospective students to undergo entrance interviews or tests in order to attend the school, so students may be exposed to a wider range of people.