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What is Biotechnology?

Biotechnology is the use of cells and biological molecules to solve problems or make useful products. From developing new varieties of seeds to improving livestock breeds and from creating pesticides to improving extraction of juices from fruits by rupturing cells, biotechnology finds a wide range of applications. Its application varies from agriculture to industry – food, pharmaceutical, chemical, bio-products, textiles, medicine, nutrition, environmental conservation, animal sciences etc. Biotechnology applications exist across health, Agriculture, food processing, genetic engineering, Health care medicine, Industrial research and development.

The area where biotechnology has grown in India includes Agricultural Biotechnology, Animal Husbandry, Bioinformatics, Bio fertilizers and Dairy development. Growth has also been seen in the area of Bio-resource Development, Plant Biology, Marine Biotechnology, Microbiology, Genetic research.

When Can I Enroll for Career in Biotechnology?







3 Yrs.

No Exam

B.E. /B.Tech


3-4 Yrs.

JEE- Main& Advanced

Integrated M. Sc. / M. Tech./MBA


5 Yrs.


M.Sc. / M.Tech

Bachelor’s in Physical, Biological, Agricultural, Veterinary & Fishery Sciences, Pharmacy, Engineering, Technology / MBBS / BDS

2 Yrs.



M.Sc. / M.Tech

3-5 Yrs.

Autonomous Exam

What Personality Traits are Required to Become a Biotechnologist?

  • Ability to Work for Long Hours
  • Determination
  • Hard Work
  • High Level of Intelligence
  • Scientific Bent Of Mind
  • Imagination
  • Innovative Attitude
  • Originality
  • Perseverance

What Aptitude is Required to Become a Biotechnologist?

  • High Abstract Reasoning
  • High Numerical Ability
  • High Closure Ability
  • High Abstract Reasoning
  • High Numerical Ability
  • High Closure Ability

IQ Required for Being a Biotechnologist?

Minimum High range of Intelligence along with hard work & consistency.

Job Prospects for a Biotechnologist

  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Agricultural Industry
  • Research & Development
  • Hospitals / Clinics
  • Manufacturing & Production
  • Food Processing
  • Bio-Processing Industry
  • Public Funded Laboratories
  • Chemical Industry
  • Drug & Pharmaceutical Research
  • Environment Control
  • Waste Management

Regulatory Body

All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) & Directorate of Technical Education (DTE)

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