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What is Architecture?

Architecture is the study and work, which deals with design, plan of buildings and structures. The work of architects is to develop and improve the quality of design and construction, which are also environmentally appropriate. Architects are aware of all the technical requirements of a building and assume the responsibility for ensuring the facilities of the home within the frame work of existing laws and regulations. Architecture is multi-disciplinary profession requiring combination of artistic, technological and sociological expertise.

Architecture is a field that involves a variety of tasks at work, and inputs in design and technology, that range from personal to professional and even includes environmental management. They also deal with technical advice to plan, improve and beautify landscapes, highways, towns, estates, historical monuments and so on. They provide a wide variety of professional services to individual and organizations in planning and building projects and may be involved in all phases through construction. The functions of an architect includes:

  • Site selection
  • Planning & design of the building
  • Safety management
  • Quality control Environmental planning
  • Estimating & costing
  • Supervision of construction work
  • Interior decoration Restoration/remodeling of existing buildings
  • Long-term land development

Apart from designing, they also prepare land surveys, evaluate lands & buildings for insurance, mortgage or transfer purposes. Architects design and supervise the construction of various types of building, keeping in view the primary consideration of stability, utility and beauty.

The architect has the responsibility of designing a structure that is both, functionally sound and aesthetically appealing, all the while keeping in mind, and the cost effectiveness of the project. Whether it is volume, space or light, an architect must weave all the elements of design effortlessly, in the process of creating a building or structure. Urbanization across the country, supplemented by the increasing disposable income of the middle class and their accessibility to home loans has ensured that a growing number of Indians are looking to set up home. And building these dreams, or quite literally, spear-heading the rapid development of buildings across urban India is none other than an architect.

When Can I Enroll for Architecture?




Entrance Exam

B. Arch

10+2 Science (PCM)

5 Yrs

JEE (Paper II)/ NATA

M. Arch

B. Arch

2 Yrs

GATE/ Autonomous Exams

Ph.D in Architecture


3-5 Yrs

Autonomous Exams

What Personality Traits Are Required to Become an Architect?

  • Analytical skills
  • Creativity
  • Good mathematical ability
  • Awareness of current social and environmental issues
  • Keen observation
  • Flexibility and patience
  • Responsibility and accountability
  • Ability to understand complicated legal language related to the profession
  • Ability to work with clients and workers / labourers
  • Physical stamina and supervisory skills

What Aptitude is Required to Become an Architect?

  • High Abstract Reasoning
  • High Numerical Ability
  • High Spatial Ability

IQ Required for Being an Architect?

Minimum High Range of Intelligence Preferred Along With Sufficient Amount of Hard Work & Consistency.

Job Prospects for an Architect

  • Defence Services
  • Established Architects/builders
  • Interior & Landscape Designers
  • Municipal Corporation
  • Property Developers
  • Educational Institutions

Regulatory Body

  • Council of Architecture (COA).
  • Maharashtra Association of Schools of Architecture (MASA).
  • All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE).
  • Directorate of Technical Education, Maharashtra (DTE).

Frequently Asked Questions (Faqs) for Architecture

What is architecture?

Architecture is the art and science of designing and planning buildings and structures. It encompasses everything from conceptualizing and designing a structure to its construction and often involves considerations of aesthetics, functionality, safety, and sustainability.

What does an architect do?

Architects are professionals who design buildings and spaces. They work with clients to understand their needs and desires, create design concepts, prepare detailed plans and drawings, and often oversee construction to ensure the design is executed correctly.

How do I become an architect?

Typically, becoming an architect requires a bachelor’s or master’s degree in architecture, followed by completing an internship and passing the Architect Registration Examination (ARE) in the United States. Specific requirements may vary by country.

What is sustainable architecture?

Sustainable architecture, also known as green architecture, focuses on designing buildings that have minimal negative impact on the environment. It involves using eco-friendly materials, energy-efficient design, and sustainable construction practices to reduce resource consumption and promote environmental responsibility.

What is the role of technology in architecture?

Technology plays a significant role in modern architecture. It aids in design through computer-aided design (CAD) software, allows for better visualization through virtual reality (VR) and 3D modeling, and supports sustainable design through energy modeling and analysis tools.

What is architectural style?

Architectural style refers to a distinctive design approach or set of characteristics that define a particular period, region, or cultural influence in architecture. Examples include Gothic, Modernist, Colonial, and Postmodern styles.

What is the difference between an architect and an architectural designer?

Architects have completed the required education, internship, and licensure to legally practice architecture and often have a deeper understanding of structural engineering, building codes, and project management. Architectural designers may assist architects but may not be licensed and have a narrower focus on design aspects.

What is the importance of building codes in architecture?

Building codes are regulations that ensure the safety and well-being of occupants in buildings. Architects must adhere to these codes to ensure that structures meet safety, structural integrity, and accessibility standards.

What is the role of aesthetics in architecture?

Aesthetics in architecture involve the visual and sensory aspects of a building’s design. Architects consider aesthetics to create visually appealing and harmonious structures that blend with their surroundings and fulfill the client’s vision.

How long does it take to complete a construction project?

The duration of a construction project varies widely depending on factors like the size, complexity, and location of the project. Small residential projects may take a few months, while large commercial or institutional projects can take several years.

What are some iconic architectural landmarks around the world?

Iconic architectural landmarks include the Eiffel Tower in Paris, the Taj Mahal in India, the Sydney Opera House in Australia, and the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, among many others.

What is the future of architecture?

The future of architecture is likely to be influenced by technology, sustainability, and changing societal needs. Expect to see more emphasis on eco-friendly designs, smart buildings, and innovative materials in future architectural trends.

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